I moved the domain name from one CloudFront distribution to another. This blog post shows my findings on domain name move.
I had another older CloudFront distribution associated with the domain name
codemonger.io before the current distribution.
While I had described the former distribution with a plain AWS CloudFormation template, I started over with the AWS Cloud Development Kit (CDK) to write the new one.
When I first tried to deploy my new CDK stack, the deployment failed with the following error message,
One or more of the CNAMEs you provided are already associated with a different resource.
According to this article, I had to move the domain name from the older CloudFront distribution to the new one.
This blog post covers only topics specific to my challenges. Please refer to the links listed in the Reference section for other general topics.
Although Amazon's documentation explains how to move a domain name between two CloudFront distributions, I could not figure out answers to the following two questions I had.
- Do the steps in the documentation work for an apex domain name?
- When do I have to replace my A records in Route 53?
I also had a challenge configuring my CDK stack.
Question One: Do the steps in the documentation work for an apex domain name?
The answer is Yes.
The domain name
codemonger.io I wanted to move is an apex domain.
While I was googling about domain name move, I came across this article (written in Japanese).
According to the article, we cannot move an apex domain without the help of AWS Support*.
Fortunately, the information was outdated and Amazon's documentation clearly says it is possible without AWS Support.
Use the associate-alias command in the AWS CLI to move the alternate domain name. This method works for all same-account moves, including when the alternate domain name is an apex domain (also called a root domain, like example.com). For more information, see Use associate-alias to move an alternate domain name.
A bit unclear to me still was how I had to name a DNS TXT record which I needed to prove my ownership of the domain.
Because the example domain in Amazon's documentation was not an apex domain but a subdomain
www.example.com and the name of the TXT record was
Guessing from this article, I tried the following DNS record,
- type: TXT
- value: dexample123456.cloudfront.net (demonstration purpose only)
- TTL: 300
- policy: simple routing
After adding the above TXT record, the
associate-alias command succeeded and
codemonger.io started delivering contents from the new CloudFront distribution.
* Later, I found that the article had an amendment.
Question Two: When do I have to replace my A records in Route 53?
The answer is after running the
The documentation about the
associate-alias command says
With this operation you can move an alias that’s already in use on a CloudFront distribution to a different distribution in one step. This prevents the downtime that could occur if you first remove the alias from one distribution and then separately add the alias to another distribution.
I understood that it turns two operations, remove and add an alias, into one.
However, when I had to replace my A and AAAA records (A records) in Route 53 was not clear to me.
I thought if I left my A records pointing to my old CloudFront distribution, Route 53 would have continued to route traffic to
codemonger.io to the old distribution.
This could have still led to the downtime until I would have made my A records point to the new distribution.
So I tried to set the routing policy of A records to the multivalue answer routing, but I could not make a multivalue answer A record point to a CloudFront distribution*.
Thus, I decided to try
associate-alias without updating my A records.
My website had not gotten much traffic anyway.
associate-alias, traffic to
codemonger.io started to be routed to the new distribution.
So it seems that
associate-alias also forwards traffic to the old distribution to the new one.
* It complained that I had to specify an IP address instead.
Provisioning a new CloudFront distribution with CDK
To run the
associate-alias command, I needed a new CloudFront distribution configured with the valid SSL/TLS certificate* of
codemonger.io but a blank domain name.
Unfortunately, CDK did not allow me to configure the SSL/TLS certificate of the Distribution while keeping the alternate domain name blank.
So I took the following steps as a workaround,
- Configure the CDK stack to provision a CloudFront distribution without the SSL/TLS certificate and alternate domain name.
- Deploy the CDK stack.
- On the AWS console, assign the SSL/TLS certificate of
codemonger.ioto the new distribution but keep the alternate domain name blank.
- Move the domain name from the old distribution to the new one.
- Configure the CDK stack to provision the CloudFront distribution with the SSL/TLS certificate and alternate domain name
I introduced a CDK context so that I can switch the behavior between the step 1 and 5 without editing the scripts.
The scripts for the CDK stack are available on the GitHub repository.
* I had obtained my SSL/TLS certificate through AWS Certificate Manager.
Please refer to the following documentation for general topics related to Amazon Route 53, AWS Certificate Manager, and Amazon CloudFront,